Lima is not only the capital of Peru, but a historically siginificant city as well, as it was the center of Spanish colonization in Peru and founded by the conquistadors who wiped out Inca civilizations.
To get a well rounded understanding and appreciation for the history of Lima and Peru in general, check out the numerous top-rated museums, including the Museo Larco collection of pre-Columbian art, the Museo de la Nación (which tells the history of Peru's ancient civilizations), and El Museo del Banco Central de Reserva del Peru (which, despite the name, is a museum of culture and history as well as having a fantastic coin collection!) Or, if you prefer to wander on your own, take in the various plazas and gardens in the historical central neighborhood, and admire the restored colonial architecture .
This city is a haven for foodies as well, with restaurants that cater to every kind of pallet, from full-flavored, budget-friendly street eats to hearty breakfasts at the start of your day to some of the finest seafood dinners in the world. There are also plenty of food tours and even Peruvian cooking classes!